Black History Month: Did You Know?………………….

Black History Month: Did You Know?………………….

• American have recognized black history annually since 1926, first as “Negro History Week” and later as “Black History Month.”We oew the celebration of Black history month to Dr. Carter Godwin Woodson. February was picked in honor of Frederick Douglass & Abraham Lincoln, who were both born in that month.• The banjo originated in Africa and up until the 1800’s was considered an instrument only played by black people. • Buffalo Soldiers was the name given to the all-black regiments of the U.S. Army started in 1866. The oldest Buffalo Soldier, Mark Matthews, died at the age of 111 in 2005.{{more}}• Harriet Tubman was a spy for the Union Army• The first Africans arrived in America, between 1526 and 1539 in the company of Spanish and Portuguese explorers.• Vermont was the first state to abolish slavery in 1777.• The 13th Amendment to the Constitution abolished slavery in 1865.• Kwanzaa means “first fruits” in Swahili. • Violet Palmer was the first African American female to referee in a regular season NBA game in 1997.• Wilt Chamberlin was the first basketball player to score 100 points in a single game and also the first to score 30,000 points in the NBA.• Sheryl Swoopes was the first woman to have an athletic shoe named after them.• The parents of Colin Powell emigrated from Jamaica.• Cleveland was the first major U.S. city to elect an African American Mayor in 1967. • Tiger Woods’ real first name is Eldrick.• Thurgood Marshall was the first African American to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court.• Jean-Baptist-Point Du was a Hatian-French pioneer who founded a settlement that would later become Chicago.• Dred Scott was a slave who sued for his freedom and lost, in a major Supreme Court case before the Civil War.• The first black player in the NHL was Willie O’Ree. He played for the Boston Bruins.• Jesse Owens was the first athlete to win 4 gold medals in the Olympic Games. • Lisa Leslie is an African American basketball start that made history by becoming the first woman to dunk during a pro game in 2002.• Condoleezza Rice was the first black female Secretary of State.